Reasons Women End Up With a Cesarean Section

Common Reasons Women Have Cesarean Sections.

Say What

While I was waiting to be called into the room of a laboring mom who was going to be delivering sooner than later, I pulled out my cell phone and scrolled through a list of headlines in various on-line publications to see what was new, current, trending. It is a daily ritual of mine to ensure I stay abreast of the latest and greatest; not just in the realm of obstetrics and gynecology, but in society as a whole.

A headline that recently caught my eye was in The Times of Trenton. The article had to do with c-section rates and specifically touched on the fact that the section rate in New Jersey was too high. How high is too high? How about New Jersey is one of the top 5 states nationwide with the highest number of cesarean deliveries. YIKES! Not exactly something to write home about.

So just why do women end up with c-sections? Contrary to popular belief, it’s NOT just doctors trying to get home for dinner, or a good night’s sleep. While there are MANY different scenarios and reasons, here are my

Top 5 Reasons Women Have C-Sections:

  • Previous delivery was a c-section. Not all women want to undergo a TOLAC(trial of labor after having previously had a c-section).

 

  • Multiple Gestation. Specifically if it’s a twin gestation and the presenting twin isn’t head down. Multiples greater than two are always a c-section.

 

  • Infections such as HIV or Genital Herpes. If the viral load isn’t such that an HIV infected individual can consider delivering vaginally; i.e., it isn’t low enough, OR, if you happen to have an ACTIVE genital herpes outbreak, a c-section will be recommended to decrease the risk of transmission to baby.

 

  • Placental issues such as placenta previa. This is when the placenta either COMPLETELY or PARTIALLY covers the cervix. For those of you who aren’t aware of what the cervix is, it’s basically the gateway the baby passes through in order to make its way into the world; that is, if it’s being born vaginally. Try traversing a placenta covering a cervix and you’ve got a bloody mess! Bleeding, which could prove to be a HUGE emergency.

 

  • Arrest disorders. Whether it’s an arrest of dilation or an arrest of descent. More simply put, once a woman gets into active labor and the cervix has stopped dilating at a certain number that isn’t complete(10cm), OR, a laboring mom has gotten to complete(10cm) and the baby isn’t descending into the pelvis. We’ve got a problem Houston!

With this last reason, make sure you’ve been given an adequate amount of time to labor. While the labor curve is a tool of old that was previously used to predict how long it should take first time moms/women that have had babies before to progress in labor, we now know that this isn’t a one curve fits all sort of practice. Some women take longer to move along in labor than others. As long as mom and baby are doing well and there aren’t any signs of distress, women can be given more time to deliver vaginally.

While this Top 5 is by no means close to touching on all the various scenarios that present on labor and delivery, or all the reasons women end up with c-sections(we didn’t even talk about emergent situations such as fetal distress, medical conditions in either mom or fetus that would prohibit a vaginal delivery, etc., etc.)as always, the purpose of this post is to inform. As GI Joe always says, “knowing is half the battle.”

Until next time,

Look Better. Feel Better. Be Better.

Dr. Angela

About Dr. Angela

Wife, mother, Midwesterner, and award-winning OB/GYN, Dr. Angela is equal parts best girlfriend and bold professional, supporting women’s health with innovative approaches to care and heavy doses of humor. Dr. Angela has done more than launch a successful practice, she has defined herself as a voice for a new generation of womanhood, established her ASK DR. ANGELA brand committed to authenticity, and built a community rooted in trust, candor, and compassion.

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